Contradictions in the Holy Qur'an

   The Qur'an states that it is a perfect book preserved on tablets in
heaven (Surah 85:21-22).  If the Qur'an is a perfect book from Allah, then
there shouldn't be any contradictions in it.  Of course, the Muslims will
deny any contradictions exist in the Qur'an, but they do.  Some of the
contradictions below could be debated, but some of them are clearly

   A contradiction occurs when one statement on a subject excludes the
possibility of another.  The first one here is a good example.  In Surah
19:67, it states that man was created out of nothing.  In 15:26, man is
created from clay.  Since clay is something, we have a contradiction since
"nothing" excludes the possibility of "clay."  Both cannot be true.

   All quotes from the Qur'an, unless otherwise specified, are from Yusuf
Ali and can be found at the Qur'an online.

  What was man created from, blood, clay, dust, or nothing?

    "Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood," (96:2).
    "We created man from sounding clay, from mud moulded into shape, (15:26).
    "The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created
him from dust, then said to him: "Be". And he was," (3:59).
    "But does not man call to mind that We created him before out of
nothing?" (19:67, Yusuf Ali). Also, 52:35).
    "He has created man from a sperm-drop; and behold this same (man)
becomes an open disputer! (16:4).

 Is there or is there not compulsion in religion according to the Qur'an?

    "Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from
Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most
trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all
things," (2:256).

    "And an announcement from Allah and His Messenger, to the people
(assembled) on the day of the Great Pilgrimage,- that Allah and His
Messenger dissolve (treaty) obligations with the Pagans. If then, ye repent,
it were best for you; but if ye turn away, know ye that ye cannot frustrate
Allah. And proclaim a grievous penalty to those who reject Faith," (9:3).

    "But when the forbidden months are past, then fight and slay the
Pagans wherever ye find them, and seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in
wait for them in every stratagem (of war); but if they repent, and establish
regular prayers and practice regular charity, then open the way for them:
for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful," (9:5).

    Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, nor hold that
forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor
acknowledge the religion of Truth, (even if they are) of the People of the
Book, until they pay the Jizya with willing submission, and feel themselves
subdued," (9:29).

 Who was the first Muslim?  Muhammad?  Abraham?  Jacob?  Moses?

    "And I [Muhammad] am commanded to be the first of those who bow to
Allah in Islam," (39:12).
    "When Moses came to the place appointed by Us, and his Lord addressed
him, He said: "O my Lord! show (Thyself) to me, that I may look upon thee."
Allah said: "By no means canst thou see Me (direct); But look upon the
mount; if it abide in its place, then shalt thou see Me." When his Lord
manifested His glory on the Mount, He made it as dust. And Moses fell down
in a swoon. When he recovered his senses he said: "Glory be to Thee! to Thee
I turn in repentance, and I am the first to believe." (7:143).
    "And this was the legacy that Abraham left to his sons, and so did
Jacob; "Oh my sons! Allah hath chosen the Faith for you; then die not except
in the Faith of Islam," (2:132).

 Does Allah forgive or not forgive those who worship false gods?

    Allah forgiveth not that partners should be set up with Him; but He
forgiveth anything else, to whom He pleaseth; to set up partners with Allah
is to devise a sin Most heinous indeed," (4:48).  Also 4:116
    The people of the Book ask thee to cause a book to descend to them
from heaven: Indeed they asked Moses for an even greater (miracle), for they
said: "Show us Allah in public," but they were dazed for their presumption,
with thunder and lightning. Yet they worshipped the calf even after clear
signs had come to them; even so we forgave them; and gave Moses manifest
proofs of authority," (4:153).

 Are Allah's decrees changed or not?

    "Rejected were the messengers before thee: with patience and constancy
they bore their rejection and their wrongs, until Our aid did reach them:
there is none that can alter the words (and decrees) of Allah. Already hast
thou received some account of those messengers," (6:34).
    "The word of thy Lord doth find its fulfillment in truth and in
justice: None can change His words: for He is the one who heareth and
knoweth all, (6:115).
    None of Our revelations do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but
We substitute something better or similar: Knowest thou not that Allah Hath
power over all things?" (2:106).
    When We substitute one revelation for another,- and Allah knows best
what He reveals (in stages),- they say, "Thou art but a forger": but most of
them understand not," (16:101).

 Was Pharaoh killed or not killed by drowning?

    "We took the Children of Israel across the sea: Pharaoh and his hosts
followed them in insolence and spite. At length, when overwhelmed with the
flood, he said: "I believe that there is no god except Him Whom the Children
of Israel believe in: I am of those who submit (to Allah in Islam). (It was
said to him): "Ah now!- But a little while before, wast thou in rebellion!-
and thou didst mischief (and violence)!  This day shall We save thee in the
body, that thou mayest be a sign to those who come after thee! but verily,
many among mankind are heedless of Our Signs!" (10:90-92).
    Moses said, "Thou knowest well that these things have been sent down
by none but the Lord of the heavens and the earth as eye-opening evidence:
and I consider thee indeed, O Pharaoh, to be one doomed to destruction!"  So
he resolved to remove them from the face of the earth: but We did drown him
and all who were with him," (17:102-103).

 Is wine consumption good or bad?

    O ye who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (dedication of) stones,
and (divination by) arrows, are an abomination,- of Satan's handwork: eschew
such (abomination), that ye may prosper," (5:90).
    (Here is) a Parable of the Garden which the righteous are promised: in
it are rivers of water incorruptible; rivers of milk of which the taste
never changes; rivers of wine, a joy to those who drink; and rivers of honey
pure and clear. In it there are for them all kinds of fruits; and Grace from
their Lord. (Can those in such Bliss) be compared to such as shall dwell for
ever in the Fire, and be given, to drink, boiling water, so that it cuts up
their bowels (to pieces)?" (47:15).
    Truly the Righteous will be in Bliss: On Thrones (of Dignity) will
they command a sight (of all things): Thou wilt recognize in their faces the
beaming brightness of Bliss. Their thirst will be slaked with Pure Wine
sealed," (83:22-25).

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